|The Ernie Pyle Monument|
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|The Ernie Pyle Monument|
|N 26 42.656||E 127 47.877|
The Ernie Pyle Monument, Ie Island
"At this spot the 77th Infantry Division lost a buddy...."
It may be hard to imagine a time when wars were not covered by 24 hour instant media. With real-time news outlets and the power of the internet, information now travels across the globe and in the hands of millions within seconds. But it wasn't always like that. During World War II, most people back home lived the war through newspapers, radio waves, and personal letters. But who best could tell the story of the common soldier? How would the good folks back home know what their loved ones were facing thousands of miles away? Perhaps someone who lived through their struggles, witnessed their pain, and ultimately... joined them in death.
Forty-two years before America would enter the second World War, on a small farm in Dana, Indiana, Ernest Taylor Pyle was born on August 3rd, 1900 to a William and Maria Pyle. He would be their only child.(1) Ernie, as his friends would later call him, never had any strong ambitions in a career of journalism. Nevertheless, he would go on to study the profession at Indiana University. But in 1923, he quit just 3 months shy of graduation.(1) Instead, he went on to work as a small time reporter in his home state and then later found himself working for the Washington (D. C.) News.(1)
Ernie detested war, but for some ill-strange reason always found himself in its cross-hairs. He felt it was his duty to tell the soldier's story. He had already been covering the war in 1940 in London before the United States had entered. As the war escalated, he would go on to North Africa, Italy, and France.(3) He would be in the trenches with the troops witnessing the carnage as they saw it.
"His columns, done in foxholes, brought home all the hurt, horror, loneliness and homesickness that every soldier felt. They were the perfect supplement to the soldiers' own letters."(1)
With reluctance, Ernie took his new post in the Pacific and eventually laid foot on Okinawan soil. He first entered with the Marines but then later joined the Army's 77th Infantry Division.(1)(2) The 77th was ordered to take Ie Jima on April 16th. It was a small island to the north just off the coast of the Motobu Peninsula. Their mission was to seize its airfield.(2) Two days later, Ernie Pyle, joined by Lieut. Col. Joseph B. Coolidge (Regimental Commander), moved towards the front lines in a jeep when suddenly, they received fire from a nearby enemy gun position. It was around 10:15am.(1) Both the Regimental Commander and Ernie took refuge in a nearby ditch. Both laid there waiting. Moments later, the enemy opened fire again.(1)(2)
Ernie died instantly. He had just looked up for a moment when a bullet, barely missing his helmet, entered his left temple.(1)(2) For three hours, fighting continued before the enemy gun position was finally overtaken.(2) But by then, America had already lost a voice, a compatriot, and a dear friend.
Secretary of the Navy, James V. Forrestal announced Ernie's death to his friends backs home. Notable individuals to include President Truman, Army Chief of Staff , Gen. George C. Marshall, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York all gave honorable tributes to Ernie and the life he had lived.(1) But no doubt it was the common soldier in the foxholes and trenches that felt the sharp pain of losing a dear friend.
Ernie's body was buried with his fellow brothers in a temporary cemetery on Ie Island. That grave was soon replaced by a monument which continues to stand to this day (see vintage photo). The assistant commander of the 77th Infantry Division, Brig. Gen. Edwin R. Randle, presided over the ceremony and the boys of 77th gave their final farewells. On Ernie's monument they inscribed, "At this spot the 77th Infantry Division lost a buddy, Ernie Pyle”.
Ernest Taylor Pyle, August 3, 1900 – April 18, 1945.
1. Obituaries (archive), New York Times, www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0803.html
2. World World II, Okinawa, US Army website, www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/okinawa/chapter7.htm
3. Public Broadcast Service (PBS) website, www.pbs.org/weta/reportingamericaatwar/reporters/pyle/
Places to See Nearby. Yuri Matsuri, Lily Festival (ゆり まつり) - Late April to 1st Week in May, Niyathiya Cave (Senin Gama), Statue of Hando-Gwaa (Mike's Ryukyu Gallery), Ahashagama Cave, Gohezu Cave, Legend of Asato Gura.
Directions. The Ernie Pyle Monument is on Ie Jima Island. Please see article on “Traveling to Ie Jima” for travel preparations. The monument is along Highway 181, about a kilometer west of Ie Port.